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Wednesday, January 30, 2008

Air pollution by Industry

Air pollution by Industry:
Air pollution is the presence of high concentration of contaminations, dust, smokes etc., in the general body of air man breaths. Pollutants are mixture of solid particles and gases in the air. Some air pollutants are poisonous. Inhaling them can increase the chances of health problems. People with heart or lung disease, older adults and children are at greater risk from air pollution.

Prime sources of air pollution are the industrial activities or processes releasing large quantity of pollutants in the atmosphere. These pollutants are mainly: (a) Smoke comes out from various industries like, power plants, chemical plants, other manufacturing facilities, motor vehicles, etc.; (b) Burning of wood, coal in furnaces and incinerators; (c) gaseous pollutants from Oil refining industries; (d) dust generated and thrown to general atmosphere by various industries such as cement plants, ore / stone crushing units, mining industries due to rock drilling & movements of mining machineries & blasting etc.; (e) Waste deposition for landfills which generate methane; (f) Toxic / germ / noxious gasses and fumes generated from military activities and explosives blasting in mines.

Air pollution control devices / equipments for industries:
The commonly used equipments / process for control of dust in various industries are (a) Mechanical dust collectors in the form of dust cyclones; (b) Electrostatic precipitators – both dry and wet system; (c) particulate scrubbers; (d) Water sprayer at dust generation points; (e) proper ventilation system and (f) various monitoring devices to know the concentration of dust in general body of air.
The common equipments / process used for control of toxic / flue gases are the (a) process of desulphurisation; (b) process of denitrification; (c) Gas conditioning etc. and (d) various monitoring devices to know the efficacy of the systems used.

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